Marriages and Families: Intimacy, Diversity, and Strengths

We’ve often celebrated the holidays with Haitians, Jamaicans, Central Americans, and those from different China dating women parts of the U.S. Skogrand’s social service experience includes providing HIV/AIDS education programs for street kids, people in prison, and gang members, and overseeing the design of an AIDS house for the Latino population. She has also taught family courses at St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota, for 17 years and was adjunct faculty at the University of Minnesota for several years. By prompting students to engage with key concepts, while continually adapting to their individual needs, Connect activates learning and empowers students to take control resulting in better grades and increased retention rates.

  • For example, an individual’s perception of sexuality and sexual orientation can be influenced by the religious and political background of their parents and the local community.
  • Previously, the term ‘family diversity’ was used to define the different variations and deviations of the traditional nuclear family.
  • It is almost as though important parent–offspring transmission of the means of subsistence at the micro-level is still of relevance when explaining mother-culture to daughter-culture macro-level cultural variation.
  • We will explore how the organisation, age, class, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and the different stages of the life cycle have played a role in family diversity.
  • This self-exploratory process should result in an increased awareness of one’s own cultural and class identities, thus enabling one to develop a deeper awareness and understanding of one’s non-self, especially those who are most unlike you.
  • Dr. Harold L. Arnold, Jr. is the president and founder of Discovering Family International , an organization which promotes the virtues and values of family life through education, consulting and counseling.

In the end, cultural competency will materialize when effective partnerships with key stakeholder groups are reinforced and embedded in all special education programming. The practice of arranged marriage has advantages and disadvantages; it can create more family power and give more financial security. Sadly being forced into a marriage can disrupt the independence of the engaged, most women stop their education when they become engaged resulting in many women being illiterate. This makes it impossible for them to be successful without depending on their husbands. Arranged marriage is found in many cultures throughout the modern world, though in a lot of cases it results in a happy family it can also be very limiting on women and often girls are married before they can give consent. Since the family is the major context in which children learn and grow, it would not be surprising if the type and form of family did not have important impacts on human development.

Celebrating Diversity: LGBTQ+ History Month

In anthropology, experimental manipulation of cultural or environmental conditions, such as the subsistence system, are rarely possible in a naturalistic setting. Sometimes, it is possible to make use of development interventions or similar to find ‘natural experiments’ . Optimality models are very useful, and have been used to show how human behaviour can be understood as adaptive in certain environments in a number of domains, especially to foraging theory and reproductive behaviour . These approaches use individual-level variation within populations. So, when interpreting cultural differences, a cross-cultural comparative method becomes a key tool. Cross-cultural comparison was indeed the historical basis of anthropology. The contractual obligations of bride wealth and bride service are not without conflict.

5 Divorce

I try to make this the best email you receive each week, and I hope you enjoy it. You can see all the weekly newsletters I have been writing here. V. 9.1 to calculate the pairwise distance in kilometres, taking the geographical latitude and longitude for each society from the Ethnographic Atlas . Noted a great deal of diversity within polygamy, from de jure unions that are formal, legal contracts to de facto polygamy, which may be just as enduring, stable, and acceptable within a society .

However, relatively few studies have tried to examine proximate transmission or test ultimate adaptive hypotheses about behavioural or cultural diversity at a between-societies macro-level. In both the history of anthropology and in present-day work, a common approach to examining adaptive behaviour at the macro-level has been through correlating various cultural traits with features of ecology. We discuss some difficulties with simple ecological associations, and then review cultural phylogenetic studies that have attempted to go beyond correlations to understand the underlying cultural evolutionary processes. We conclude with an example of a phylogenetically controlled approach to understanding proximate transmission pathways in Austronesian cultural diversity. There is often marked age asymmetry in these relationships, with husbands much older than their wives. In polygynous households, each wife commonly lives in her own house with her own biological children, but the family unit cooperates together to share resources and provide childcare. The husband usually “visits” his wives in succession and lives in each of their homes at various times .

We argue that models of cultural adaptation can be subjected to the same or similar tests that behavioural ecologists have used to seek evidence for adaptive behaviour in other species. Phylogenetic comparative methods are proving useful, for both studying coevolutionary hypotheses (be they cultural and or gene–culture coevolution) and estimating ancestral states of prehistoric societies.

We wanted our guests to learn about our background and initiate a cultural dialogue. Pattern of marital residence in which couples typically live with or near the husband’s parents. A type of polygyny where only a limited number of men, usually those of greater wealth or social status, have multiple wives simultaneously. Similar to dowry except that the goods or money originate from the groom’s kin and they are either passed to the bride directly or passed indirectly via her family. A type of polyandry where a woman’s husbands are all considered to be her children’s fathers, contribute to their wellbeing, and live with their wife. Two families that are connected by at least one blood tie that form a single social and/or economic unit. The children of siblings of the opposite gender (i.e., the children of a woman and her brother are cross-cousins to each other).

According to areport released by the Centers for Disease Control in 2002, mixed-race marriages had a 41% chance of getting divorced, whereas same-race marriages had a 31% chance of ending in divorce. Again, given a strong correlation between racial or ethnic identity and cultural background, this type of statistic might reveal an important property about multicultural couples and divorce. And support all of your couples and fellow wedding pros along the way. Read on to learn not just why DE&I is important, but for tools to help you be an ally in every sense of the word. Skogrand has been married to her high school sweetheart, Steven Gilbertson, for the past seven years and resides in Logan, Utah.

Relationships with children change, and the stepparent-stepchild relationship adds another dynamic. Both families may have different traditions and ways of doing life. External stressors are magnified in cross cultural marriages because of disappointments when cultural assumptions are unmet.

Also, in areas where land is scattered over large distances, it allows brothers to take turns living away from home to tend herds of animals or fields and then spending time at home with their shared wife. It also minimizes reproduction and population growth in a society where there is a very dense population , as the wife can carry only one pregnancy at a time. Societies differ in the degree to which divorce is controlled and by which institutions. In some societies, divorce is controlled directly by the family, whereas in others there is indirect control by social institutions and by the dominant religion. For example, Catholicism does not permit divorce except under highly unusual situations requiring a special dispensation. Islamic law, the sharia, permits polygamy up to four wives and also divorces.

Don’t expect your spouse to assimilate into your culture overnight, and listen to their apprehensions with an open mind. Explain your customs and traditions in easy ways and don’t ask them to forget their own roots. Never alienate your spouse by insisting that they adopt your culture’s method of doing things. Instead focus on open communication and support them by listening to their point of view.

Languages are more than a way of communicating—they are keys to the values of a culture. Learning your partner’s language can help you understand him/her better. Doing things together creates a bond based on shared experience. Talk with your partner about your differences and how they may affect your relationship.